Site regulation

Introduction

Industrial sites are subject to different levels of European and National regulations concerning:

  • Worker protection through legal texts and regulations such as the Labor Code, the Social Security Code and the Public Health Code
  • Production, storage and use of chemical substances concerning the control of technological and environmental risk.
  • Sites where hazardous substances transit are subject at national level to the ICPE regulation (Classified Installations for environmental protection) described in book V of the Environment Code.
  • Transportation, especially for hazardous materials, is subject to the ADR regulation

 

hierarchy 

 

These regulations are the result of an analysis of technological, environmental or health risks and interact with each other. The evaluation of the REACH substances, their worldwide GHS classification and their European CLP classification has an impact on the European (SEVESO type) or national (ICPE) regulations. They have resulted in an exponential increase in legal and regulatory texts.

HSE

 

The European and national (Grenelle) regulations also requires disclosure to the public.

The Aarhus Convention 

 

Classified Installations

 

The directive known as Seveso, or directive 96/82/EC, is a European directive. It requires European Union member states to identify the industrial sites presenting risks of major accidents involving hazardous substances. The directive, adopted on June 24th 1982, was amended on December 9th 1996 and in 2003 by directive 2003/105/EC.

- Current SEVESO II

Directive n° 2003/105/EC of December 16th 2003 (ECOJ n° L 345 of December 31st 2003)
Notions of high and low Seveso thresholds in annex
Part 1 substances designated by name
Part 2 subtances not designated by name (example: toxic, flammable,etc.)
Article 23-1 of directive n° 96/82/EC of December 9th 1996 concerning the management of risks of major accidents involving hazardous substances
Directive 82/501/EEC of June 24th 1982.

SEVESO III in preparation- planned June 2015

Further details can be found in the impact assessment and on DG ENV's website at 
The review of the Directive 

 

ICPE

 

The principles of this French regulation on industrial risk prevention based on risk evaluation are:

  • To reduce the risk from the source by implementing the best available techniques
  • To define emergency plans and to communicate with residents
  • To control urbanization

 

Environment Code book V: prevention of pollution, risks and nuisances - Title I: Classified Installations for Environment Protection.

Each section is identified with a 4 digit number, the 2 first representing the substance or activity category (eg.: 1110 High toxicity substances, 27XX wastes…).

Each section offers a description of the activity and the eventual thresholds for which a ranking is defined. The ranking is as follows:

  • D for declaration (a C can be added if the installation is subject to periodic control by an approved organization)
  • E for registration
  • A for authorization
  • AS for authorization with public utility (link to SEVESO regulation)

 

Substances and blends:

 

  • 11XX: Toxics
  • 12XX: Oxidizers
  • 13XX: Explosives
  • 14XX: Flammables
  • 15XX: Combustibles
  • 16XX: Corrosives
  • 17XX: Radioactives
  • 18XX: Water reactives

 

A specific section for toxic, irritant or sensitizer characteristics has not yet been created in the classified installations nomenclature.

For most of the ICPE sections, template regulations defining the means to implement are defined. Each site subject to authorization is governed by prefectoral order defining the regulatory requirements and the implementating schedule.

The DREAL under the prefect's authority are in charge of controlling and enforcing this regulation. List of the 21 DREAL

NB : Other regulations concerning CLP classification, waste management and reduction of greenhouse gases emissions have these sections evolving.

 

Transportation

 

An international regulation undertaken by the UN which aims to encourage movements of goods and people by improving competitiveness, safety and energy efficiency in transportation, by reducing the environmental impact and contributing to sustainable development.

http://live.unece.org/trans/welcome.html

 

A unique directive of the European Parliament and the Council (Dir. 2008/68/EC, 24 Sept. 2008) was adopted to unify the requirements regarding land transportation (road, railway and waterway) by member States within the European Union and published in the OJ on 24th September 2008. It abrogates the previous directives in order to establish a common system. It means that member states have to take regulatory measures to comply with the directive by June 30th 2009, at the latest. 

 

In France, three agreements concerning the transportation of hazardous goods (ADR for road, RID for railway and more recently ADN for waterway) gave rise to the publication of three decrees implementing the law (decrees named ADR of June 1st 2001, RID of June 5th 2001 and ADNR of December 5th 2002). Respecting the Union approach - a unique directive for the three transport types- the French government decided to transpose this directive by a unique decree applicable to national terrestrial transportation of hazardous goods.

This new decree of May 29th concerning terrestrial transportation of hazardous goods, named the «TMD decree» and effective from July 1st 2009, significantly echoes the provisions of the ADR, RID and ADNR decrees.


TMD decree of May 29th 2009 concerning terrestrial transportation of hazardous goods

directive 

 

 

ESP/ESPT

 

Under pressure equipment/ transportable under pressure equipment

 

Directive 2010/35/EU of 16 June 2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council on transportable under pressure equipment repealing Council Directives 76/767/EEC, 84/525/EEC, 84/526/EEC, 84/527/EEC and 1999/36/EC Text with EEA relevance from July 1st 2011

This new directive must be transposed in the National law of the member states before June 30th 2011.
Decree n°2003-1250 of December 22nd 2003 transposed directive 2002/50/EC of the European Commission of June 6 2002 and amended Decree n° 2001-386 of May 3 2001 concerning transportable pressure equipment.
Under pressure equipment transportation (gas cartridges, tankers, battery-vehicles, battery-wagon, gas containers, etc.) is a significant element of the hazardous goods transportation sector. The aim of this regulation is to increase the transportation safety of this type of equipment and to ensure its free movement within the European Community. It includes provisions concerning the obligations of varioous economic agents, equipment conformity, control and monitoring organizations, and mutual recognition.

 

 

Regulatory News: Grenelle II

 

Promulgated on July 12st 2010, the law on National Environment Commitment, known as «Grenelle 2», is an implementing and location application of the Environment Grenelle and the Grenelle 1 law. It lists, worksite by worksite, sector by sector, the objectives authorized by the first legal section of the Environment Grenelle.

Control of chemical risk on worksites

 

It is mandatory to check, on worksites, on exposure to hazardous chemical agents. The Regulation is more restrictive in 2010 and indicative in 2012

Decree no 2009-1570 of December 15th 2009 concerning the control of chemical risk on worksites 

Article R 4412 of the Labor Code

 

Modernization plan

 

The goal is to maintain the integrity of industrial facilities. It concerns the civil engineering works, storage tanks, transport pipelines, plant capacities and piping (piping on industrial sites), security instrumentation (MMRI: instrumented measures of risk management).

Decree of October 4th 2010,
Prevention of accident risks

Modernization plan of the industrial installations

 

Earthquake

 

In order to ensure the protection of human beings, the regulation requires compliance with paraseismic rules for new buildings. These rules are defined in the Eurocode 8 standard. The decree of October 22nd 2010 sets the rules governing paraseismic construction for buildings with regular risk, and two decrees define the prevention principles and the seismic areas.

 

Decree n°2010-1254 of October 22nd 2010 Prevention of seismic risk

Decree n°2010-1255 of October 22nd 2010 Threshold setting of seismic areas on French territory

Decree of October 22nd 2010 Classification and rules for paraseismic construction

 

Earthquake plan

Paraseismic regulation for buildings

 

Useful links

 

Law

 

European Law

Database of European legislation, including the Official Journal of European Union, treatises, case law and Parliament subjects.

Legislation in force

“Synthesis of European legislation”: All you want to know about European legislation

Synthesis of European legislation 

French law

French legislation 

Ineris.aida website

Administration

 

DIRECCTE

  • The Direccte are new regional departments, close to the regional Prefect, to ensure the consolidated management of public policies on economic development, employment, labor and consumer protection.
  • They have 8 departments or services (on one hand coming from the Economy, Finance and Industry Ministry, and on the other hand, from the Labor, Employment and Health Ministry ) in one entity at regional level

Discover the Direccte

DREAL

DREAL (regional department for the Environment, development and housing)

List of the 21 DREAL

 

 

 

 

ICPE 

Regulation of classified installations for environmental protection,

Ineris Aida 

Classification 

Ineris nomenclature

 

 

Database of ICPE sites

Search for classified Installations

 

 

PPRT 

Ecological classified installations 

 

 

Transportation

 

ADR 2011

UNECE 

Other

 

ADEME

Agency for the Environment and Energy management

Ademe 

GEREP 

System of annual declaration of emissions (register of polluting emissions )

Regulatory watch

Enviroveille 

Accidentology

Aria sustainable development